The garden is the business card of the house.

It is the part that immediately shows the style and personality of its inhabitants for its external position and visible to all. And the plants are certainly the key element that characterizes the garden.

Herbaceous plants, flowers, shrubs and bushes can be cultivated to embellish the garden and separate different areas, but also to cover, or mask, walls and fences and thus perform a function both decorative and practical.

One solution to enrich your garden, creating lush bushes and flowering borders, can be to grow perennials.

Perennial herbaceous plants sprout spontaneously every spring, eliminating the expense and labor of buying back annual plants each year.

Perennial herbaceous plants have an average life of about 7 years, thus offering flowering periods that, depending on the species, can be extended for all months of the year.

Moreover, they are easy to cultivate and have little need for watering, and for this reason they are also useful in more difficult garden areas, such as rocky gardens, dry or particularly humid areas.

They can also colour balconies and terraces, cultivated in pots or crates.

There is a wide variety among which to indulge, we have chosen some ornamental garden plants that produce lilac flowers.

Lilac

We couldn’t help but start with the lilac flowers.

The lilac is a magnificent ornamental plant, widely used in weddings and parties in general.

It is a spring flowering shrub, very fragrant. It can reach up to 4 m in height and, when grown in hedges, it develops like a small tree with thick foliage and multiple trunks.

It has large, heart-shaped, light green leaves and produces large panicles of small tubular flowers, which open like a star at the top. Traditionally, the flowers are lilac or white.

The lilac is an ideal shrub to beautify the garden and does not require special care.

  • It wants a sunny area, but it bears the half shade. It does not fear the cold of winter, nor the summer heat.
  • It prefers a fertile soil, deep, slightly moist, preferably calcareous.
  • It is to be watered with moderation in the wettest months, but usually the rain water is sufficient for it.
  • By the end of winter, it can be fertilized with slow release granular fertilizer.
  • It is to be pruned in winter for removing the damaged or weak parts. In the summer, however, it is recommended to make frequent pruning to facilitate the birth of new buds.

In addition to garden varieties there are also dwarf varieties, grown in pots.

  • These should be watered from March to October, every time the soil is dry.
  • Before spring, a slow release granular fertilizer should be placed at the base of the plant.

Lavender

Lavender is a typical plant of the Mediterranean area, particularly appreciated for the scent of its flowers, used not only for decorative purposes, but also in herbalist shops and pastry shops.

It is mainly cultivated in the garden, forming hedges or wide bushes, but it can also be cultivated in pots.

It has long, narrow, silvery leaves, very perfumed. Between the end of spring and summer, it produces many small lilac flowers, grouped in spikes.

It is a rustic plant, which grows to a height of one meter without special care. It is also an excellent repellent for mosquitoes.

  1. It prefers a very sunny position and a rather dry climate with high temperatures, while withstanding adverse weather conditions.
  2. It grows well in any soil, provided it is well drained. But in general, it does not like clayey and excessively acidic soils and prefers a calcareous soil.
  3. It does not need abundant and frequent water, on the contrary, it fears the stagnations of water and the excessive humidity. Apart the period of the rooting, it is practically never necessary to water the plant. It is better to avoid to wet the aerial part, in order to avoid the appearance of fungi and other diseases connected to the humidity.
  4. Periodically, the soil can be enriched with a slight fertilization, is also good compost homemade.

Lavender can also be cultivated in pots. In this case it should be kept in mind that it is a fast-growing plant and may need to be pruned periodically to give an orderly shape to the bush. The treatments in this case are also simple.

  1. Once the plant has been purchased from the nursery, it must be transplanted immediately into a larger and fairly tall pot.
  2. The pot should be kept in a bright position and away from damp environments. To ensure maximum water flow, a layer of expanded clay pellets should be placed on the bottom of the pot. Then it should be filled with soft or medium-textured soil, rich in mature organic matter.
  3. The plant is to be watered when the soil appears completely dry, and the jet is to be directed on the roots, without wetting the leaves.

Campanula

The campanula is a perennial herbaceous plant that presents itself with dense, not very tall tufts of dark green leaves and small lilac, blue or white, bell-shaped or star-shaped flowers.

It grows very quickly and its deportment varies according to the species. There are those that cling to the trunks of other plants or to walls, forming colorful borders, but there are also dwarf varieties used as soil cover or in combination with other wallpapers.

  1. It does not fear the cold and prefers a sunny position, but it adapts also to the half-light.
  2. It does not have particular exigencies about the soil, but prefers a fresh and humid substratum, rich of calcium and not acid, well drained.
  3. It prefers the drought to the excess of water and therefore it is sufficient to water it every 10-15 days, depending on the climate. Once a month, a fertilizer for flowering plants can be added to the water, in order to facilitate the flowering. Avoid wetting the leaves, as some varieties of campanula are subject to rust.
  4. To get beautiful blooms you need to fertilize the soil during the growing season, with a granular slow release fertilizer.
  5. It does not need pruning, except a cleaning in winter to remove the dry parts.

Periwinkle

The periwinkle is an evergreen herbaceous perennial plant with a creeping habit and small size.

There are 7 different species, but those generally cultivated are the vinca major and the vinca minor, which differ in the size of the leaves and flowers.

The leaves grow along the whole stem and have an oval shape and a glossy dark green colour. It produces small lilac flowers of a particular tonality, called, in fact, periwinkle colour.

Also used in rock gardens for its resistance and predilection for arid soils, it forms large flowered cushions and is ideal for creating eye-catching colorful carpets or lush borders, as well as for being grown in pots.

  1. It does not fear the cold and wants a position as shaded as possible, perhaps at the base of other taller plants. Exposed in full sun, when the heat arrives, the stems and leaves may dry up.
  2. It grows well in any type of garden soil, better if well drained, humid, rich of humus, medium dissolved and rather light.
  3. It is to be planted by early spring, leaving 10 cm of distance between a small plant and the other, in order to give it the ease to widen freely and to create a perfect upholstering effect.
  4. During the warm season, it is to be watered more frequently, but without creating stagnations of water. In autumn and winter, just leave the soil moist.
  5. It does not need to be fertilized. From spring to autumn, a liquid fertilizer can be diluted every two weeks in the watering water.
  6. When the flowers touch, a pruning operation is to be carried out, to control the development of the plant and stimulate the production of new shoots.

The cultivation in pots is less diffused, because it does not give astonishing aesthetic results.

The suitable period for repotting is between January and March.

Choose an acidic and fertile soil and place on the bottom of the pot some earthenware shards or expanded clay, to facilitate the drainage of water.

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